Starting today the world gathers in Durban for the COP17 climate change summit. In times where economic growth is more anticipated than a decline in carbon emissions, the prospects for a successful successor to the Kyoto protocol (coming to an end in 2012) is quite unlikely, and it will be interesting to see, what ‘success’ the delegates have to announce for saving the world from mad and often also tragic consequences of changing climate patterns. Continue reading
Climate change has hardly been on the agenda of global politics recently. It was the global downturn which keeps country leaders busy, and so prospects for the current climate change talks in Cancun (Mexico) to find a successive agreement for the Kyoto protocol appear quite poor. While the Copenhagen summit in 2009 was accompanied by large hope (and failed miserably), there are much lower expectations this year, although still some hope for a significant outcome.
It is interesting to look at the number of delegates which a country is able to send to the talks, as this reveals a lot about the interests of the nations that will succeed in the negotiations. The voices which will be heard are probably the voices of those who send the most delegates, riding roughshod over those nations which have fewer representatives. But the number of delegates may also reflect the importance that climate change has on the political agenda of a country.
During the next days the summit goes into its critical phase, with (perhaps) some world leaders appearing on stage to strengthen their voice – but will those voices from the most vulnerable countries be heard? This is the map of the number of delegates in this year’s climate change talks (data obtained from the UNFCC, the map has been cated in collaboration with UNfair play):
And there is a lot to discuss in Cancun, not least because developments look bleak when looking at the latest figures on carbon emissions: A year ago on the occasion of the Copenhagen summit I published an updated map on the global carbon emissions. I also did a new map depiction modelling the carbon emissions onto a grid which gave a clearer picture of the geographical variation of these emissions. The figures back then were based on UN data for 2006, so that since than inevitably many inquiries came in asking for a more recent map.
Combining several data sources (mainly UNStats and IWR) and taking the just released Update on CO2 emissions (by Friedlingstein et al published in Nature Geoscience) we now updated our worldmapper base data to a consistent data set which allows us to draw a more recent picture of carbon emissions amid the economic recession. The map reflects the findings in the above mentioned paper: Despite the slowdown in global production, global emission rates continue to rise. The research also confirms a simultaneous development of carbon emissions and GDP, resulting in often only moderate reductions of emissions in most affluent countries and continued increases in many emerging economies. According to their estimates, 2010 may become the year with the highest anthropogenic carbon emissions in history – a new piece of history, just as the Kyoto Protocol. Did anyone say something about an economic crisis? What would the world look like without a crisis? Perhaps the next years will tell us…again. – Here is the updated map and below a short animation showing the slight changes from 2006-2009:
Building upon the maps in the previous post we also created a gridded cartogram showing the national per capita emissions joined with the earlier introduced population grids. The resulting map gives an indication of the areas where most carbon emissions are produced beyond country boundaries:
Carbon dioxide emissions are gaining yet another boost of attention in the countdown to the Copenhagen climate change summit. We took that as an opportunity to update our worldmapper carbon emissions map with more recent figures. The most reliable figures are compiled in the UNStats MDG reports providing global data for 2006. Using this dataset, we calculated the new Carbon Emissions Map, resizing the territories according to the proportion of carbon dioxide emissions (note: see more maps here):
Furthermore, we did some calculations to show the real dimension of CO2 emissions by the population in each of the countries (or territories). We re-coloured the previous map with per capita greenhouse gas emissions. These give us an indication how the major polluters compare related to their population’s individual levels of emissions:
Finally, any agreements in Copenhagen will be compared to what the Kyoto protocol proposed some 17 years ago. This refers to the 1990 levels of CO2 emissions, which we put on a third map: Again, we took the per capita consumption as a base for the colours, rather than the change in total emissions. In this map we can see which countries have improved their carbon dioxide footprint on an indiviual level copared to the per capita emissions in 1990 and which have changed for the worse: