German election: Direct candidates

From the previous posts you should now be quite familiar with Germany’s “new” shape when putting the population in perspective. If you are still struggling with it, try this map to see some important cities labelled on top of the map.
Let’s have a look at the results of the general election in Germany and start with the direct candidates elected to the new parliament. Due to the specific German voting system, each voter has two votes: one for a specific candidate in his constituency (and only one is elected per constituency), and a second vote for the party in favour. Those two votes can be for different parties. So the first vote reflects the MPs party affiliation for those elected directly to parliament.
And this is the map from the so called first vote (“Erststimme”) – click it for a larger view

Bundestagswahl 2009 / German General Election - Erststimmenergebnisse

It can be seen, that FDP – the most likely new coalition partner of CDU/CSU – did not get any direct candidate elected at all, which is partly caused by the German electoral system that advantages the bigger parties for this vote (but balances this with the second vote).
But we wouldn’t need the map on the right side to see this. The map on the right side has much more interpretative value for those not familiar with the country’s structure: Pleasing for SPD supporters might be the effect of the high population density in the Ruhr-Area, blowing up the red patch in the west of Germany considerably and showing that there are still people left (!) to vote for their local SPD candidate. Pretty well shown is also the East-West division within Berlin, making the former Berlin Wall nowadays the border between DIE LINKE voters and the CDU/SPD part of the city (though SPD mostly is a matter of the suburban ring outside the western part of Berlin). Here our new map also shows clearly the only direct mandate of DIE GRUENEN – hardly recognizable on the conventional map.
There is much more to discover on this map…

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